Forests Out of Balance

MEF Trail Deer fence
Fern within the deer fence. Even when protected from deer, seedlings have a hard time growing up through the dense shade created by hay-scented fern.

For more information about the effects of overabundant hay-scented fern:


Distribution and Dynamics of the Invasive Native Hay-Scented Fern (PDF)


For information on controlling hayscented fern:

What ecological effect does hay-scented fern have on the forest? Are there any non-chemical strategies that will control the fern? (PDF)


To search publically available scientific articles: